Alpha Lipoic Acid ALA, DLThioctic Acid, in Aqua, ethanol.
clear/lsighly cloudy yellow pourable liquid with distinctive odour
It is sometimes called the Univeral Antioxidant, because it neutralizes free radicals in both the fatty and watery regions of cells, in contrast to vitamin C which is water soluble (most varieties) and vitamin E which is fat soluble. It directly recycles and extends the metabolic lifespans of vitamin C and Coenzyme Q10, and it indirectly renews vitamin E.
Usege 0.5 -1.0% in the water phase of lotions or creams.